BioNumerics is a very comprehensive software package, which has many applications in different research fields of the biological sciences. The listing below is by no means exhaustive, but gives an idea about what our software is capable of.
Variable-Number Tandem Repeats (VNTR's) are well known for their high mutation rate and are therefore widely used for subtyping. Some VNTR's, however, exhibit polymorphism in their individual repeat sequences. By sequencing the polymorphic repeat region, each new repeat variant determined can be assigned a unique repeat code. The repeat succession for a given strain in turn, determines that strain's VNTR type.
As next-generation sequencing, which offers a fast and cost-effective way to sequence bacterial genomes, is increasingly replacing Sanger sequencing, conventional MLST can be extended to whole genome MLST (wgMLST). Since many more loci (typically 1500 – 2500) are considered in wgMLST, a much higher typing resolution can be obtained.
The spa typing technique uses the sequence of a polymorphic VNTR in the 3' coding region of the S. aureus-specific staphylococcal protein A (spa). Each new base composition of the polymorphic repeat found in a strain is assigned a unique repeat code. The repeat succession for a given strain determines its spa type.
Inter-Simple Sequence Repeat Polymerase Chain Reaction (ISSR-PCR) is a reproducible and relatively inexpensive DNA fingerprinting method for animals, plants, fungi and bacteria. It is based on the amplification of genomic regions between microsatellite loci. Running this versatile typing method on an automated DNA sizing system such as the QIAxcel Advanced System reduces the number of manipulations required as well as the time to result. Raw data files from the QIAxcel Advanced System ScreenGel® software can be imported as densitometric curve files or peak table files in BioNumerics with the QIAxcel plugin.
Various E. coli genotyping tools have been bundled in one single BioNumerics application, making it a very user-friendly and easy-to-use typing tool. Screening for all or a subset of traits can be launched with one single click and the genotyping analysis results are summarized in an easy accessible and customizable report. The typing results are stored in the BioNumerics database and can be analyzed in combination with other data sets at any time.
The acronym MIRU is used to denote a Mycobacterium tuberculosis-specific multiple locus VNTR (Variable Number of Tandem Repeats) analysis (MLVA) scheme. The technical aspects and analysis methods of MIRU are the same as for other MLVA schemes.
The BioNumerics SmartFinder data application is a plugin-based system for the automated analysis of SmartFinder melt curves. The SmartFinder technique has been developed by PathoFinder B.V. and is used in several kits, like the RespiFinder® SMART 22 assay, for the detection of viral and bacterial respiratory pathogens.
Multilocus sequence typing (MLST) is a technique whereby a number of housekeeping genes (loci) are sequenced, usually in part. In a typical MLST approach, recombination is expected to occur with a much higher frequency than point mutations. Therefore, one does not look at the total sequence similarity between strains. Instead, each sequence for a given locus is screened for identity with already known sequences for that locus. If the sequence is different, it is considered to be a new allele and is assigned a unique (arbitrary) allele number.
Bacterial community fingerprinting refers to a number of cultivation-independent methods that are used to measure biodiversity in environmental samples or to profile microbial community structures, e.g. in response to experimental conditions.
Since the early 90's, an increasing number of foodborne outbreaks has been investigated by national health services worldwide. Typing of all isolates in real-time became impossible, and it was decided to decentralize typing activities of bacterial and viral pathogens.
BioNumerics software offers an integrated platform for the analysis of PFGE fingerprints. Store all your epidemiological info and gel images in one database. With powerful statistical tools, BioNumerics makes it easy to perform cluster analysis and calculate dendrograms.
Multi Locus VNTR Analysis (MLVA) is a molecular typing method to subtype microbial isolates based upon the Variable copy Numbers of Tandem Repeats (VNTR). A VNTR typically exhibits a large range of copy numbers, even among highly related bacterial strains. For a selected set of tandem repeats, copy number analysis reveals insights about the relationships at a micro-evolutionary level.
BioNumerics features an analysis suite that allows you to detect Single Nucleotide Polymorphisms (SNPs) on whole genomes sequences and perform cluster analyses on the resulting whole genome SNP (wgSNP) matrix.
Antimicrobial susceptibility is expressed either as a Minimum Inhibitory Concentration (MIC), determined via serial dilution or Etest, or as an inhibition zone diameter when determined via the disk diffusion method. Using the Antibiotics susceptibility plugin in BioNumerics, cut-off values can be set and antibiotic resistance data automatically converted to SIR categories (Susceptible, Intermediate, Resistant), which can then be used for calculating dendrograms and to perform statistical analyses on.